Another excellent post from theconventicle.blogspot.com which offers crash course in Puritan studies through a glance at the lives of a few key individuals.
Please check out their website for a cornucopia of good things.
John Field (1545–1588) – the brief Wikipedia entry belies his importance as chief organizer of puritan networks across England during the Elizabethan period
Thomas Cartwright (1535–1603) – divine, writer who locked horns with Whitgift and trumpeted presbyterian ecclesiology
John Whitgift (1530–1604) – Archbishop of Canterbury from 1583 until his death; most aggressive foe of puritanism during the Elizabethan period
William Perkins (1558–1602) – the first great systematic theologian of puritan Calvinist theology; also noted for his preaching and writings (for both learned and popular audiences)
Laurence Chaderton (1536?–1640) – divine, founding father of ‘moderate puritanism’ whose long life spanned Elizabethan and Stuart eras
William Laud (1573–1645) – Archbishop of Canterbury from 1633 to 1645; staunchly enforced a high Anglicanism in opposition to puritan sentiments; Laud is the main reason many went to New England for relief
Richard Baxter (1615–1691) – Civil War chaplain, pastor and prolific writer
John Owen (1616–1683) – easily the most prominent puritan theologian of the 17th century
Cotton Mather (1663–1728) – important New England minister and writer
Jonathan Edwards (1703–1758) – some consider the titan Edwards a ‘neo-puritan’ because he was part of a later generation of New Englanders, but his life and theology are consistent with the older tradition